IEU Speaks… on #EqualPayDay
Equal Pay Day: 31 August 2021
#what’s your pay gap
Equal Pay Day this year will be marking the 61 additional days from the end of the previous financial year that women must work to earn the same pay as men. In 2020, the number of additional days was 59.
What Is Equal Pay Day?
Equal Pay Day marks the additional days from the end of the previous financial year that women, on average, must work to earn the same as men earnt on average that year. It is a symbolic day that helps to raise awareness of the barriers women face in accessing the same financial rewards for their work as men.
What Is Gender Pay Gap?
The Gender Pay Gap measures the difference between the average earnings of women and men in the workforce. It is calculated annually by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) using the Australian Bureau of Statistics labour force data. It is important to note that it is not the difference between two people being paid differently for the same or similar job, which is unlawful.
So, when we talk about the gender pay gap, we are talking about the difference between what men and women get paid, on average, across organisations, industries, and the workforce as a whole.
Every industry in Australia has a full time pay gap favouring full time working men, even in female dominated industries such as education, healthcare and social assistance.
The 2021 national gender pay equity gap has risen by 0.8% points to 14.2%. This pay gap shows the even greater disparity between men and women.
2021 KEY FACTS
- The national gender pay gap is now 14.20%.
- On average women working full time earn $1575.50 while men working full-time earn $1837: a difference in full-time average weekly earnings of $261.50.
- Current statistics show nationally only 46.4% of employers have analysed the pay data for gaps, while 54.4% of these organisations took action to close the identified gaps.
The Cost Of Being A Woman In A Man’s (PANDEMIC) World
The Gender Pay Gap is influenced by a number of interrelated work, family, and societal factors including stereotypes about the work women and men ‘should do” and the way women and men “should engage in the workforce”. Indeed, “simply being a woman” is the main contributing factor to the gender pay gap.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, 21% of the female workforce (or 1.3 million women) have lost work or are experiencing pressures on their capacity to retain paid work.
Women in insecure jobs in customer-facing female-dominated industries and professions such as hospitality, retail and staff in education settings have been the most affected by the pandemic job losses.
Women have led the national pandemic response as frontline workers in healthcare, community and social services, education and retail, often putting their own health and safety on the line to keep essential services running.
Women have also disproportionately carried the burden of an explosion in care and domestic demands from the pandemic with women performing the vast share of lockdown-driven home-schooling, compounding their pre-pandemic burden of an unfairly large share of domestic labour generally.
No Support For Women Workers
Women workers have let down both by the Federal Government and by the Fair Work Commission (FWC).
While in June 2020, the Federal Government provided free childcare, giving many families their first experience of relief from worry around this fraught aspect of family life, this was snatched away again in the government’s first act of pandemic policy rollback.
This doubly impacted on women as workers as well as parents, given the overwhelming bulk of childcare employees are female.
Even the Federal Government’s recent tax cut is heavily gendered: men are set to get more than twice the benefit women receive on average from the tax cuts, according to Australia Institute modelling. This decision is because men are over-represented among the higher-income earners who will disproportionately benefit from the tax cuts: $2.28 of the projected tax reductions will flow to men, for every $1 that flows to women.
And the lack of support continued into 2021. In June, the Fair Work Commission announced a very modest 1.75% increase in the national minimum wage but decided to postpone that increase for up to seven months in several hard-hit sectors; including childcare, accommodation, food services, arts, recreation, aviation, retail and tourism. This decision further hurts low-wage women workers who comprise the majority of workers in these sectors.
The IEU is Fighting Back
The IEU continues to campaign for gender equity by:
- Recently winning significant national wage improvements of 5 to 10% which will benefit teachers in long day-care centres and preschools without enterprises agreements under the modern award.
- Maintaining a focus on Gender Equality in the bargaining process.
- Negotiating improvements to paid family and domestic violence leave, parental leave, flexible work arrangements, childcare learning and development, job design and career development.
- Negotiating higher levels in classification for education support staff.
- Improving options for part time employees to increase hours and security of employment.
- Negotiating enhanced superannuation provisions.
- Seeking commitments from employers to conduct the WGEA Gender Pay Gap Analysis.
- Negotiating Equal Employment Opportunity policies in workplaces.
- Organising opportunities for women to build skills and participate in our union.
Let’s get Involved with Changing the National Experience.
IEU members are call upon the Government to:
1 Address the casualisation – create secure jobs: 57% of women workers experienced one or more forms of precarity in their work. Women’s jobs are characterised by fewer and less predictable hours, and fewer standard entitlements like sick leave, long service leave, holidays, and superannuation. It is time for the Federal Government to ensure secure work for women.
- Provide paid pandemic leave: Currently, 1 in 3 employed workers in Australia have no access to paid leave. The majority of women workers are of those most exposed to the virus because of where they work. It is time for the Federal Government to provide a paid pandemic leave entitlement within the National Employment Standards (NES) and provide security for all.
- Create a safety net: Women workers need a reliable safety net. It is time for the Federal Government to reverse the harsh and unnecessary cuts to the Coronavirus Supplement in the JobSeeker system, and expand and permanently restore JobKeeper coverage to include to all casual and migrant workers.
- Build social infrastructure: Healthcare, education and social services need more investment: including aged care, education, ECEC, disability services, and vocational training. It is time for the Federal government to make good on its commitments to society and fund our essential services.
On Equal Pay Day, IEU members stand up and say,
“It is time for change!”